Two Prayers at Badr – The Message of Badr III
Badr in history marked the most decisive battle between; truth and falsehood; monotheism and polytheism and; knowledge and ignorance. Two prayers articulate immense disparity between two entirely different ideology, culture and civilization, though both were directed to the One, Allah. One, the prophet of Islam, Muhammad (S) and the other was from the leader of the polytheist in Mecca, (Abu Jahl). They both prayed to Allah on the Day of Badr. Yet they were fighting each other.
Mecca was ‘peaceful’ with its usual activities. One day a man named Muhammad (S); who was called Al Ameen (Trustworthy) by all the people in Mecca; who the people of Mecca approached to settle their disputes, stood up on the mountain of ……. and proclaimed “La Illaha Illa Allah” (None should be worshipped, Except for Allah). The polytheists of Mecca did understand the monotheistic belief Muhammad (S) asked them to declare. They knew He (S) was not calling to a new deity or God, but Prophet (S) is asking to worship Allah alone, whom they worshipped along with others. They did not claim that they are indeed worshipping Allah alone and they were only respecting pious people.
The people of Mecca got divided and disputed. People discarding family ties took different sides. The chiefs of Mecca could not bear the new ideology, for more and more people accepted it. Torture, pain, sufferings, murder and desertion spread in Mecca. Prophet (S) and Muslims were the victims. They were prevented from worshipping Allah. At Last after ten years of pain and agony, they were forced to migrate to Medina leaving all their possessions behind.
Prophet (S) took the leadership of Medina. The People of Mecca was not happy with the way Prophet (S) escape from Mecca and was now anxious about their trade, for Medina was a place where their trade caravans usually took the route. They threatened the Jews and polytheists of Medina to kill or drive away Muslims. But the leader of the disbelievers was too cowardice for such a move. They threatened Ansars (The Muslims of Medina) too, but they don’t know how Muslims love Prophet (S).
At last, the polytheists of Mecca decided to fight Muslims. Muslims plan to capture the Meccan caravan paved way to a battle. There was a time when the Meccan army decided to go back leaving their plan of fighting, but Abu Jahl insisted to eliminate Muslims from the world forever. (Check )
The battle got into its first day. Prophet (S) supplicated to Allah: “O Allah! The proud and arrogant Quraysh are already here disobeying you and belying Your Messenger. O Allah! I am waiting for Your victory which You have promised me. I beseech You Allah to defeat them (the enemies).”
On the other hand Abu Jahl to prayed to Allah: “Our Lord, whichever of the two parties was less kind to his relatives, and brought us what we do not know, then destroy him tomorrow.”
Allah has mentioned regarding the supplication of Abu Jahl in Quran: “(O disbelievers) if you ask for a judgment, now has the judgment come unto you” (8: 19). Ibn Kathir explained this verse as “Allah says to the disbelievers, if you ask for a judgment (between truth and falsehood) and a decision between you and your believing enemies, and you got what you asked for.”
The war continued, Prophet (S) prayed day and night. He said: “O, Allah! Should this group (of Muslims) be defeated today, You will no longer be worshipped.”
They both prayed to Allah, yet they were fighting each other. One person was known as a Prophet of Monotheism, while the other person is known in the history a polytheist. The difference is simple; Prophet (S) worshipped only Allah, the Creator, whereas Abu Jahl worshipped pious people along with Allah. He and the polytheist of Mecca believed that Allah is the Creator, the Sustainer that; they worshipped only in him at the most difficult situation; they worshipped him at stormy sea journey; they worshipped him slaughtering, prostrating, offering pilgrimage. But they believed in partners to Allah, whom Allah has power over. The calling [Talbiyath] when they performed pilgrimage is an evidence for that. They used to say: ‘We have come to you, Allah upon your call. You don’t have a partner (in worship)’, where prophet (S) ask them to stop, but they continued, ‘except of a partner, that which you own them’ (Allah has power over).
Unfortunately, Muslims who were supposed to learn from the history that we should only worship Allah and should to ascribe partners to Allah in His worship, assign partners in worship with different false claims. Even in these days of Ramadan, some Muslims take the Day of Badr (17th Ramadan) to offer their (Nadr) hoping intercession from the martyrdoms of Badr, which is an act of explicit shirk (polytheism). A few does without hoping any reward or mediation, rather out of love and respect to the martyrdoms which is against the tradition of Prophet (S) and his companions, thus an innovation (Bid’a).