The End of Ramadan I – RAMADAN with WISDOM [Part 29]
The End of Ramadan: Ibn Rajab al Hanbali [Part 1]
Several narrations related to the merits of this month have proceeded, and from them is that which is recorded in Sahih al Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, that The Messenger (S) said:
“Whoever fasts Ramadan with faith and seeking the reward will have his past sins forgiven.”
In the narration recorded in the Musnad of Imam Ahmed there is an additional portion of the same hadith stating:
“his past and future sins will be forgiven”
The chain of narrations for this additional wording is good (hasan). The Messenger (S) also said:
“Whoever stands the night of decree (Laylatul Qadr) with faith and seeking the reward will have his past sins forgiven, and whoever fasts Ramadan with faith and seeking the reward will have his past sins forgiven.”
An additional wording is recorded in An Nisaee stating: “…his past and future sins will be forgiven”
Later the author states: Forgiveness of sins during this blessed month is conditional to the preservation of what one is instructed to preserve (i.e. fulfilling the orders of Allah, and abstaining from what is forbidden). The majority (jemhoor) of the scholars hold that this expiation of sin is specifically referring to minor sins. This is because of the hadith recorded in Sahih Muslim that The Messenger (S) stated:
“The five daily prayers, Friday prayer to the following Friday prayer, and Ramadan to the following Ramadan are expiations for sins as long as one abstains from major sins.”
The author also states: (Some scholars held a different view) Ibn Munthir mentioned pertaining to Laylatul Qadr: “It is hoped that the major and minor sins are all forgiven”
But the majority holds that one must make sincere repentance from all major sins (in order for them to be expiated).
The aforementioned hadith of Abu Hurairah informs that those three elements mentioned within the hadith are expiation for past sins. Therefore, it is understood (after combining all the hadiths related to Laylatul Qadr) that one receives this expiation of sins even if one was unaware of the specific night of Laylatul Qadr. And as for the fasting of Ramadan, then one receives this expiation upon commencement of the month. It is also said that one receives expiation for the fasting of Ramadan the last night of the month. The proof for this is what is recorded in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad on the authority of Abu Hurairah who said: Those fasting will be forgiven the last night in Ramadan. The people said: Oh Messenger of Allah, will this take place on Laylatul Qadr? The Messenger (S) responded: “No, verily the worker receives his pay upon completion of his duties”
The author later states: Az Zuhree used to mention: On the day of Fitr (eid), once the people gather to perform the prayer Allah will look at them and say:
“Oh my servants, verily for Me you fasted, and for Me you stood in prayer! Return (to your homes), indeed your sins are forgiven.”
The author later states: The person who fasts and performs all other obligatory actions is from the best servants of Allah. And those who are negligent in fulfilling their obligations and do not give Allah His full due, in that case woe be to them. If the individual who deals unjustly with the scales (Mutaffif) in this worldly life is warned of a terrible punishment, then what is the case with the individual who deals unjustly with the scales of the hereafter!
Tomorrow the souls will be granted what they worked for, and the farmers will harvest what they planted. If they did virtue, then they did so for themselves, and if they did evil, then what terrible actions they have prepared.
The Salaf worked diligently in perfecting their actions and making them faultless, then after that, they showed great concern for acceptance of their actions. They did this because they feared that their actions would be rejected. They are those who gave what was incumbent upon them while their hearts were in a state of fear. It is reported that Ali bin Abi Taleb said: Be more concerned that your actions are accepted than your concern of performing the action itself. Did you not hear the statement of Allah?
“Verily Allah only accepts the actions of the Mutaqeen (pious)”
Fudalah said: For me to know that Allah has accepted from me an action the size of a mustard seed is more beloved to me than this world and everything within it. This is because of the statement of Allah:
“Verily Allah only accepts the actions of the Mutaqeen (pious)”
Malik bin Dinar said: Fear that an action is not accepted is more difficult than performing the action itself.
“Ataa as Sulamee stated: The pious fear that their righteous actions were not done sincerely for Allah.
Abdul Azeez ibn Abee Ruwaad said: I have met people very diligent in performing actions, and upon completion of those actions they are faced with sadness in fear of the action being accepted or not. Some Salaf used to say: The people of the past would supplicate 6 months to Allah to allow them to reach the month of Ramadan, and then upon completion of the month, they would again supplicate 6 months (begging) for acceptance of their fast. Some of the Salaf would display sadness on the day of Eid. It was said to them: This is a day of happiness and joy! They would respond: You have spoken the truth, but I am a servant, my Lord has ordered me to perform an action but I am not sure if He will accept it from me or not.
Wahb noticed people laughing on the day of Eid, upon seeing this he stated: If their fast was accepted, then know that this is not the action of those who are grateful, and if it was not accepted, then this is not the action of those who are afraid.
Hasan al Basri stated: Indeed Allah has made Ramadan a means of gain for His creation. (Within this month) they race to gain His pleasure through obedience to Him. Some individuals will gain (win), while others will remain back and lose. It is amazing to see a person playing and laughing on a day that the good doers will be rewarded, and the wrong doers will be defeated.
It is reported that Ali bin Abee Talib would call out on the last day of Ramadan: Where is the winner so that we may congratulate him, and where is the loser so that we may give him condolences. Oh winner, we congratulate you! Oh loser, may Allah give you ease in your time of calamity!
The author continued to say: The blessed month of Ramadan has within it several means of forgiveness, and from them:
- Feeding the fasting person
- Lightening the burden (work) of the slave
- Remembrance of Allah
It is stated in a hadith: “The one who remembers Allah in Ramadan will have his sins forgiven, and the one who calls on Him will not be disappointed”
(Continued means of forgiveness)
- Seeking forgiveness
- The supplication of the fasting individual is answered during the fast and at the time of breaking it.
It is reported that Abu Hurairah said: Everyone will be forgiven except he who rejects. Those around him asked: Oh Abu Hurairah, who will reject? He responded: The one who does not seek Allah”s forgiveness has rejected.
(Continued reasons for forgiveness)
- The Angels will seek forgiveness for the fasting person until they break their fast.
Due to these numerous means of forgiveness during the month of Ramadan, the one who misses this great opportunity has indeed been afflicted with extreme, great lose. The Messenger “S- climbed the minbar and said:
“Ameen, Ameen, Ameen”
The companions inquired concerning this, and he responded:
“Verily Jabriel approached me and said: Whomsoever reaches the month of Ramadan but does not have his sins forgiven before his death and due to this he enters the Hell-fire, may Allah distance this person” Jabriel then ordered me to say Ameen, so I said Ameen. (Ibn Hiban)
Qatadah said: It used to be said: Whoever does not have his sins forgiven in Ramadan, he will not have his sins forgiven in other than Ramadan (meaning: if one did not take advantage of such great opportunity in Ramadan, more than likely he will not take advantage of any other opportunity). There is also a hadith similar to this, its wording is: “Whoever does not receive forgiveness in Ramadan, then when will he receive forgiveness?”
The author continues to state: When will a person be forgiven if he is not forgiven in this month?! When will a person’s actions be accepted if they are not accepted on Laylatul Qadr?! When will a person correct their affairs if they can’t correct them in Ramadan?! When will a person correct himself from the disease of negligence and ignorance?!
Taken from: Lataif al Maa’rif
Translated by: Mustafa George