Zakath and its ruling: Salih al- Fawzaan – RAMADAN with WISDOM [Part 32]
Zakath and its’ rulings: Salih Fawzaan
And this is appropriate to mention because many of the people are accustomed to paying their Zakat of wealth during the month of Ramadan do to the virtue of time period. We ask Allah for us and for them that He accepts it. And this is if the completion of the year (the year the zakat has remained at the minimum level) coincides with the month of Ramadan, but if the year is compete before the month of Ramadan then it is obligatory to pay the Zakat when the Zakat has reached the period of one year, and it is not permissible to delay it until the month of Ramadan.
All praises belong to Allah the Lord of all that exists; He has made a portion of the wealth from the wealthy and made it a right that should be given to the poor and needy, and to bring a benefit to the religion and the worldly affairs. And may the peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad his family, his companions, and those that follow them in goodness until the Day of Judgment; as to what follows.
Know, Zakat is the third pillar of Islam and it is the companion of the prayer as it relates to the other pillars; and it is mentioned alongside the prayer in many verses in the Quran, to the extent that Allah mention Zakat alongside the prayer in about thirty verses, and this proves the importance of Zakat, and the great status it has. And it paying the Zakat there is a tremendous benefit; the greatest of them is thanking Allah and obeying His command by spending that which He has given you. And they will obtain the noble promise of the reward for those that give from their wealth. And from the benefits of paying the Zakat is the concern that the wealth will have for their brothers who are needy, so they fulfil their needs and guard them from not having that which is sufficient.
And from the benefits is the purification of the one who pays the Zakat from stinginess, miserliness, and blameworthy character and it will place him in the ranks of those who do good deeds, those whom Allah loves and the people love. And Allah the Exalted said, “From
their wealth take alms, so that you may purify and sanctify them with it”. (Qur’an 9: 103)
“And do good; very Allah loves those who do good”. (Qur’an 2: 195)
And from the benefits of paying Zakat is that it is a reason for an increase in wealth and the wealth receiving blessings in the wealth, Allah the Exalted said, “and nothing do you spend in the least (in His Cause) except that He replaces it”. (Qur’an 34: 39)
And as it appears in the authentic narration, “oh son of Adam spend, and I (Allah) will spend on you”.
And refusing to pay the Zakat is cause for great harm. From the harms is to be prevented from the benefits that come with paying the Zakat. And from the harms of not paying Zakat is that it will expose the wealth to harm and destruction as it comes in the hadith of Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, ‘Zakat has never been mixed with wealth except that it corrupts it’.
And you see and hear today the affects that disasters have had upon the wealth, from fire, and sinking and looting and bankruptcy and the affects that the pest have upon the crops and the different types of loss that are apparent and hidden, and this is a punishment for not paying the Zakat.
And from (the disasters that occur) is the rain stops falling from the sky, this rain that provides life for people and animals and grow the trees and crops. As it appears in the narration, ‘No people have refused to pay Zakat of wealth except that the rain has been prevented from falling from the sky’. And this is what you have witnessed, when the rain stops falling in many of the countries and the tremendous harm that this causes and this is a punishment in this life; and for the punishment in the next life then it is more severe than this. Allah the Exalted said, “and there are those who bury gold and silver and spend it not in the Way of Allah: announce unto them a most grievous penalty. On the Day when heat will be produced out of that (wealth) in the fire of Hell, and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs, “This is the (treasure) which you buried for yourselves: taste you, then, the (treasures) you buried!” (Qur’an 9: 34, 35)
And every wealth that Zakat is not paid upon then it is treasure that its owner will be punished with on the Day of Judgment. And this is made clear in the authentic narration from the Messenger of Allah (S) he said, ‘There is no one who owns gold and silver and then he does not give its right (pay Zakat on it) except sheets of fire will be flatten for him and the sheets shall be heated with the fire of hell and the person shall be on his sides and his back, and every time the sheets began to cool they will be reheated, and this will occur on a day that is fifty thousand years long, and he will remain in this state until the people are judged and then he will see he destination either to the fire or to paradise’.
And Allah the Exalted said, “And let not those who covetously withhold of the gifts which Allah has given them of His Grace, think that it is good for them: nay, it will be the worse for them; soon shall the things which they covetously withheld be tied to their necks like a twisted collar, on the Day of Judgment.” (Qur’an 3: 180)
And this has been made clear by a narration for the Prophet (S), he said, ‘whoever Allah has given wealth and they do not pay Zakat on it, it shall be turned into a viper (meaning an enormous snake which is terrifying) with two fangs, it will encircle him on the Day of Judgment then it will grab him with it jaws and then it will say, I am your wealth I am your treasure’.
This is the punishment for the one who refuses to pay the Zakat in the next life; this has been made clear by Allah His messenger. This wealth that is not purified shall be made into sheets and heated in the fire and then the person will be branded on their sides and their back and it will also be turned into a tremendous viper that shall circle the person’s neck and seize them with its fangs and sting the person with a large amount of poison that will cause damage to the body.
And this is not a punishment that will occur for an hour and then stop; rather this is a punishment that will last for fifty thousand years; we seek refuge in Allah from that.
And if it is known that a person is refusing to pay Zakat they cannot be left alone, rather they should be scorned and advised. And if they continue to refuse to pay the leader should examine his situation. So if he denies the obligation of paying the Zakat he should be told to repent, and if he repents and pays Zakat (this is good). But if he refuses then he should be executed as an apostate from Islam. And if he acknowledges the obligation of paying Zakat but he is miserly it becomes an obligation to take his wealth by force; and if it is not possible to take his wealth except by fighting him, then he should be fought. Just as the companions fought behind Abu Bakr the truthful, against those who refused to pay the Zakat after the death of the Messenger of Allah(S), until they were subjugated to pay it and abide by its ruling.
And all the praises belong to Allah the Lord of all that exist. And may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions.
Translated by Rasheed Barbee