The Description of Eid prayer: Ibn Uthaymin
The Description of The Eid prayer, Number of Rakats and The Eid Takbirs : Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen
The Eid prayer is one where the imam attends and leads the people in praying two rak’ahs. ‘Umar (r) said: “The prayer of al-Fitr is two rak’ahs and the prayer of al-Adha is two rak’ahs, complete and not shortened, on the tongue of your Prophet (S), and the one who fabricates lies is doomed.”[i]
It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed said: The Messenger of Allaah (S) used to come out on the day of al-Fitr and al-Adha to the prayer place, and the first thing he would do was to offer the prayer”.[ii]
In the first rak’ah he should say Takbeerat al-ihraam (say “Allaahu akbar” to start the prayer), after which he should say six or seven more takbeers, because of the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her), “The takbeer of al-Fitr and al-Adha is seven takbeers in the first rak’ah and five takbeers in the second, apart from the takbeer of rukoo’.”[iii]
Then he should recite al-Fatihah, and recite Surat Qaf in the first rak’ah. In the second rak’ah he should stand up saying takbeer, and when he has stood up completely he should say takbeer five times, and recite Soorat al-Fatihah then Surat al-Qamr. The Prophet (S) used to recite these two surahs during the two Eids. Or if he wishes he can recite Surat al-A’la in the first rak’ah and Surat al-Ghaashiyah in the second, because it was narrated that the Prophet (S) used to recite al-A’la and al-Ghaashiyah in the Eid prayer.
The imam should revive the Sunnah be reciting these surahs so that the Muslims will become familiar with the Sunnah.
After the prayer, the imam should address the people. Part of the khutbah should be addressed specifically to the women, telling them of the things that they should do and warning them against the things that they should avoid, as the Prophet (S) used to do.
Taken from: Fataawa Arkaan al-Islam
[i]Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 1420 and Ibn Khuzaymah. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Nasaa’i.
[ii]Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 956
[iii]Narrated by Abu Dawood and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 639.