Sunan al Eid
- It is established from the Companion Ibn ‘Umar that he used to bath on the morning of Eid. The tabi’ee, Sa’eed ibn al Musayyib said: “The sunnah of the fitr is three: walking to the Prayer ground, eating before going out and taking a bath.”[i]
- It is known that the companion Ibn ‘Umar would also dressed in his best clothes for the two ‘Eids as reported by Ibn Hajr in his Fathul-Baaree (2/439).
- It is compulsory on all adult sane Muslims to pray the Eid prayer. The Prophet (S) and his Companions never ceased doing it and he (S) commanded everyone including women, children and the elderly to attend. Even menstruating women should go to the place of congregation so that they may partake in the blessings.[ii]
- It is Sunnah to eat dates before we leave for Al-Eid prayer to show openly that we are not fasting on this day. The Prophet (S) used not to leave for Al-Eid [al- Fitr] prayer except after eating some dates.[iii]
- It is Sunnah to say takbeer loudly when leaving our homes to go to Eid prayer and repeat these till the prayer starts.[iv]
- It is preferable to pray the Eid prayer on open ground and not at the masjid if possible.[v]
- Neither Adhaan nor Iqaamah are said for Eid prayer.[vi]
- It is Sunnah to say the extra takbeers i.e. say ‘Allahu Akbar’ seven times in the first rak’ah and five times in the second. (Aboo Daawood, Ahmad & others.) It is preferable to only raise the hands to the shoulders after the first takbeer and then fold them upon the chest. However, it is authentically reported from Ibn ‘Umar (r) that he would raise his hands with every takbeer.
- It is Sunnah to take different routes to and from the prayer ground, preferably walking if possible. Jaabir reported that the Prophet (S) used to come back from the ‘Eid prayer on a path other than the one used in going to it.[vii]
WHAT TO SAY ON THE DAY OF ‘Eid
The Prophet (S) would say takbeer loudly when travelling to go to the ‘Eid prayer. Ahadeeth have not reached us telling us exactly what he used to say, but Ibn Abee Shayhah narrated that Ibn Mas’ood, (r) used to say the following:
Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Laa eelaahaa ilallaah
Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, wa lillaahil-hamd
Allaah is Great, Allaah is Great, there is none worthy of worship except He.
Allaah is Great, Allaah is Great, and to Him belongs all Praise.
[i]Saheeh – Al Firyaabee & al-Irwaa (2/104)
[ii]Bukhari and Muslim
[iii]Reported by Anas bin Maalik & collected in Saheeh al-Bukhari
[iv]Silsilatal- Ahaadeeth-Saheehah (no 171)
[v]Bukhari and Muslim
[vi]Reported by Ibn ‘Abbaas and Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah & collected in Saheeh al- Bukhari