Oneness of Lordship leading to Oneness of Worship
“O mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous, [He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky a ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him].” (Qur’an 2: 21, 22)
The above verse in the Qur’an proclaim the most fundamental aspect of Islam, that human beings should worship the creator who created the whole humanity. Its invitation to worship the creator disapproves and rejects all deities’ humans worship and at the same time drives away the claim that Islam is calling to worship an Arabian God just like any other gods, humans worship[i]. The verse, further, asserts that the one who deserve to be worshipped is the One who ‘made ….the earth a bed (spread out) and the sky a ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision’ for human beings pointing to the fact that the creator have as well created the resources for the humans to sustain, which in turn necessitates worshipping the creator alone. The Qur’an has in several verses stated this aspect of oneness of Allah, where the oneness in the lordship and creation necessitates and leads to the oneness of worship.
The Qur’anic methodology of establishing the existence of the creator and thus the oneness of the creator is in accordance with the correct natural disposition and sound intellect. Qur’an mainly presents three arguments in establishing the existence of the creator and His oneness.
First of all, Allah drew all possible situations for the existence of universe and then goes on to question it negating any form of cause for the effect of creation other than Allah created it. The Qur’an uses forms of negating questions in demonstrating the establishing of the oneness of Lordship and refuting any claim that establish otherwise, “were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creator?”[ii] Allah questions the possibility of the involvement of the gods humans usually worship in the creation, “So show me that which those whom you worship besides Him (the creator) have created?”[iii] No one has ever claimed that the gods whom they worship created anything, but them all points to a Supreme creator. Nor have anyone claimed to create themselves except a few who know themselves are untruthful. The claim of ‘creation by nothing’ has been there and is out of the scope of this article.[iv]
Secondly, Allah point at the organization and the process of execution and sustenance of all the affair of the universe. The questions He drew for disapproving any sort of other’s involvement in the Allah’s oneness of creation are significant here too. Apart from those questions the Qur’an depicts another possibility in the organization of the universe, merely a scope for an another deity along with Allah[v], which to claim is absurd for the chance of situations where each of them would try to overpower the other or each of them would be alone in having command over his dominion and creation bringing up complete chaos.
Lastly, the Qur’an drew attention to the subjection of the creation for the fulfillment and establishment of the detail particulars of their duties. The creations are created in their best form and then guided accordingly. When Musa[vi] was asked who the Lord is, Musa said, which is described in the Qur’an affirming the reply to be correct: “Our Lord is He who gave to each thing its form and nature, and then guided it aright”[vii]. The guidance here is mainly the information that Allah have installed in the genetics of a species, that which would make them to strive for the benefit they are created for and to keep away from that things which are harmful to them[viii].
So, a person who agrees that Allah alone is the creator, the Sustainer and the one who manages the affairs of the universe, it becomes necessary on him to worship Allah alone. The inquiry of the origin of an individual and the source of the benefit and harm, take a creation to its creator seeking for benefits and pleading to help in the times of difficulty.
Qur’an rationally place the argument that the One, who had created the universe; who is sustaining and managing all affairs of the universe is the One who is deserved to be worshipped and that all other deities humans ascribe does not deserve worship for their limited ability, wisdom and knowledge, while the ability of creating the whole universe from nothingness itself demands worshipping the single creator.
[i] ‘The moon- god Allah in the Archeology of the Middle East’ by Robert Morey
[ii] Qur’an 52: 35
[iii] Qur’an 31: 11
[iv] There are a lot of articles in the internet that which disagree to this claim. The fact that an effect must have a cause itself proves this claim to be wrong. ………….are article you can find it in our website.
[v] “No son did Allah beget, nor is there any deity worthy of worship along with him; (if there had been any deities), behold, each deities would have taken away what he had created, and some would have tried to overcome others!” (Qur’an 23: 91)
[vi] The question was asked to Prophet Moses by the Pharoah of Eqypt, who claimed him to be the lord of universe.
[vii] Qur’an 20: 50