Amazing is the affair of the believer
By: Shaykhul-Islam Ibn Qayyim al-Jawzeeyah (rahimahullaah)
On the authority of Suhaib (may Allah be pleased with him) he said: The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam said:
“Amazing is the affair of the believer, verily his entire affair is good and this is not for no one except the believer. If something of good/happiness befalls him he is grateful and that is good for him. If something of harm befalls him he is patient and that is good for him” (Saheeh Muslim #2999)
From this we understand that the state of affairs for the believer changes in the life of this world. Shaykhul Islaam ibn Qayyim al-Jawzeeyah (may Allah have mercy upon him) said regarding the state of affairs for the believer:
- “The first: is the state of (receiving a) blessing. It’s obligatory upon him (the believer) in this state (to display) the gratitude.
- The second: is the state (of being) tested. It is obligatory upon him (the believer) in this state (to observe) the patience.
- The third: is the state (of committing) a sin. It is obligatory upon him (the believer) in this state to seek the forgiveness from it (the sin).
The servant does not go outside of the fluctuation between these three states.
One of them is either a blessing or a virtue from Allah of good health, wealth, a child to other than that. It is obligatory upon him that he thanks Allah for this bounty. Let the servant contemplate over the statement of Allah: “Work you, O family of Dawud (David), with thanks!” But few of My slaves are grateful.” (Qur’an 34: 13)
So how many of those whom Allah has favored them: “And if you would count the favors of Allah, never could you be able to count them. Truly! Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Qur’an 16: 18)
How many shows thanks to Allah for these favors? Less than a few!
Or there is a (state of being) tested.
It is obligatory upon him in this state (to observe) the patience. Meaning that Allah from His overwhelming wisdom He could test the believing servant from the different types of test. It’s obligatory upon him to (observe) the patience because this is from the belief in the divine decree and from submitting the decree of Allah. Also (the servant must know) that what has befalling him was never going to pass him by. All of that is written in the book of Allah (al-Lawhul-Mahfooth). Verily Allah doesn’t test him (the servant) to destroy him. He only tests him in order to test his patience and servitude. Verily there is for Allah upon the servant servitude in times of hardship just as there is for Him (Allah) upon the servant servitude in times of happiness. There also is for Him (Allah) upon the servant servitude in that which he (the servant) dislikes just as there is for Him (Allah) upon the servant servitude in that which he (the servant) loves. Most of the creations give the servitude in that which they love. However the matter is giving the servitude in that which there is his hardship.
The other state is (a state of) sin.
It is obligatory upon him (the servant) in this state to seek the forgiveness this is clear with regards to the obligation of turning to Allah (repentance) displaying ones need for him.”
From “al-Waabil as-Sayyib”